GOAL 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
SDG Progress and Industry Notes
The 2018 Report of the Secretary-General on Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, notes that “Although, globally, labour productivity has increased and the unemployment rate has decreased, more progress is needed to increase employment opportunities especially for young people, reduce informal employment and labour market inequalities (particularly in terms of the gender pay gap), promote safe and secure working environments and improve access to financial services to ensure sustained and inclusive economic growth.”
SDG 8 will be reviewed at the 2019 HLPF.
According to a World Bank blog post, “Apparel is one of the first manufacturing sectors to emerge in poor countries, often providing jobs to low-skilled (mostly female) workers that have few paid employment alternatives. Although salaries are low by international standards, apparel workers tend to make more money than they would in other activities—low-skill agriculture and services—in the domestic market. So for millions of poor, unskilled workers, textile manufacturing is a gateway to start getting out of poverty. The fact that apparel workers are mostly women is another strong link to poverty reduction, as boosting economic opportunities for women is a necessary step to poverty reduction and development.” Otaviano Canuto, World Bank Blog
But this is not the whole story. As it is argued in “The Promise and Peril of Post-MFA Apparel Production,” the latest issue of the World Bank’s Economic Premise notes series, a radical shift in apparel production between countries over the last few years has had mixed results in wages and poverty reduction across the developing world.”
“Minimum Wage in the Apparel Industry Continues to Rise in Most Asian Countries in 2016”